According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the use of contraception advances the human right of people to determine the number and spacing of their children. Of the 1.9 billion women in the reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) worldwide in 2019, 1.1 billion had a need for family planning; of these, 842 million were using contraceptive methods.
No contraceptive method is perfect. The advantages and disadvantages, and benefits and risks, of the different options must be evaluated, and then a decision must be made on which method will be the most appropriate for a specific woman. It is an individualised decision.
This module will enable you to have a broad understanding of all the types of hormonal contraceptives, how they work, their indications, contra-indications, potential side effects, how to counsel patients on their use and provide appropriate advice. It also covers the types and reasons for emergency contraceptive use, the ethical responsibilities of the pharmacist in providing such contraception and how to counsel patients requesting emergency contraception.