TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause of death as a result of an infectious disease. In South Africa in 2018, approximately 301,000 people fell ill with TB and 64,000 people died of tuberculosis (TB). This of a disease that is both preventable and curable.
TB is currently treated using a standard treatment regimen administered for a period of at least 6 months. When treatment is not taken correctly, or there is an interruption in the supply of TB medicines, or the incorrect drug combinations are used, then drug resistance to TB medication can arise.. Drug-resistant TB complicates the treatment of TB as well as increasing the risk of mortality (dying) from TB.
The “END TB Strategy” is a strategy that has been adopted worldwide and aims to end the global TB epidemic by 2030. The most immediate goals of this strategy are to ensure a reduction in new TB cases and TB deaths. In order to achieve this, a multi-disciplinary approach to the management of TB is being taken. That means that every health professional has a role to play in the fight against TB.
Knowledge gained through this module will help you understand the TB epidemic and the role that you as a Front Shop Assistant can play towards eradication of the TB epidemic.